China’s transportation network mainly consists of air transport, railways, land transport, and water transport. Since the founding of the People’s Republic of China, significant achievements have been made in the area of infrastructure, especially transportation construction.
By the end of 2018, there are more than 200 civil aviation airports in China. Regular flights connect more than 200 cities. The regular flight routes reach nearly 7 million kilometers. And civil aviation services cover about 90% of the country’s prefecture-level cities and 80% of counties. International routes reach nearly 800 with regular flights to more than 60 countries.
Major civil airlines in China
Air China Airlines: www.airchina.com.cn
China Eastern Airlines: www.ceair.com
China Southern Airlines: www.csair.com
Hainan Airlines: www.hnair.com
Air ticket reservations can be made either through the airline’s official website or through ticket agencies or related travel websites and APPs.
China’s railway business mileage has continued to grow in recent years. By the end of 2018, the country’s railway business mileage reached more than 131,000 kilometers, of which more than 29,000 kilometers of high-speed rail. In terms of railway passenger traffic, with the rapid development of the high-speed railways, the number of railway passengers increased from 1.89 billion in 2012 to 3.37 billion in 2018, an increase of 78%, and China’s railway passenger turnover is the largest in the world.
Railway ticket booking
China’s railway network, especially the growing high-speed railway, has given passengers great convenience in their travel experience. You can book your railway ticket by phone, the afore-mentioned travel websites, or the official website and APP of the China Railway. You can also purchase tickets directly from the railway stations.
Website and APP: www.12306.cn or 高铁管家
By 2019, China’s total road mileage has reached 4,846,500 kilometers and the highway reached 142,600 kilometers, ranking No.1 in the world.
Road ticket reservations can be made through the afore-mentioned travel websites and travel APPs, or through the following website – China Road Ticket Network: www.bus365.com.
Compared with railways, land, and air transport, China’s waterway transport is mainly freight-oriented, and mainly on the eastern coast and some inland rivers and canals as well.
The main ways of travel in Chinese cities are very diverse and convenient, ranging from buses, and subways, to taxis and bicycles. International students who study in China can choose their own ways of travel as they want.
Buses: The Chinese government encourages residents to take buses. Many cities have drafted preferential policies to attract passengers traveling by bus. Traveling by bus in big cities is one of the best ways to get around due to its diversified routes and low fares. Bus tickets can be purchased on board or pre-downloaded local travel APPs and recharged.
Subways: More and more Chinese cities have built subways. The subway transport networks in Beijing, Shanghai, Tianjin, Nanjing, and other major cities are getting denser and denser. Compared to land transport, traveling by subway is more popular because it’s faster and more punctual. Subway tickets can be purchased at the metro stations or pre-downloaded local travel apps and recharged.
Taxis： In China, taxi-hailing is available in all cities. You can also make a reservation by phone in advance or through various car-hailing APPs. Taxi fares are higher than public transport fares, but taxis are also relatively cheap in China compared with countries in Europe and America.
Bicycles: China is a country of bicycles. The shared of bicycles emerged quickly in recent years and become popular among people from all walks of life. For international students, it is easy and convenient to buy a used bike or download a shared bike APP. China’s main shared bicycles include Mobike, Hellobike, Didi Chuxing, and so on.